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2024, 11(2): 62-69 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Intravenous Alteplase on Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Clinical Trial Study in a Specialty Hospital in Ilampital in Ilam
Milad MohamadYari , Aryoobarzan Rahmatian , Monireh Azizi , Khairollah Asadollahi
Abstract:   (192 Views)
Introduction: Strokes rank among the leading causes of death and disability worldwide, with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) on the rise in Iran. Thrombolytic drugs constitute a primary treatment for ischemic stroke. However, due to limited studies in Iran, there exists hesitation among physicians regarding their administration. This study aims to assess the efficacy of these drugs on AIS patients.
Methods: In a clinical trial, 80 patients with ischemic stroke were divided into treatment and control groups. Both groups were assessed upon admission and 72 hours later using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and the Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores at discharge. The treatment group received Alteplase (0.9mg/kg), while the control group received standard care. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 20.
Results: The mean NIHSS ± SD scores at admission and 72 hours later in the treatment group were 10.0±3.51 and 4.55±8.75, respectively, compared to 8.53±3.52 and 7.88±9.21 in the control group, showing a significant difference in favor of the treatment group (P < 0.001). Similarly, the mean mRS± SD score in the treatment group was 1.68±1.79, significantly lower than the control group's 3.15±1.61 (P < 0.001).
Conclusion:  Intravenous Alteplase administration proved effective in treating patients with ischemic stroke, significantly reducing neurological complications and disabilities compared to standard medical care.
Keywords: Cerebrovascular Disorders, Stroke, Tissue Plasminogen Activator, Alteplase, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale
Full-Text [PDF 200 kb]   (48 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Neurology
Received: 2023/12/6 | Accepted: 2024/04/29 | Published: 2024/04/22
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