:: Volume 1, Issue 4 (12-2014) ::
2014, 1(4): 14-20 Back to browse issues page
Job stress and susceptibility to cardiovascular diseases: A case-control study
Kobra Farokhimoghadam , Yousef Mohsenzade , Heshmatollah Nourmoradi , Reza Beiranvand , Kourosh Soleiman Nejad , Ali Delpisheh , Sima Avish , Tahereh Sahraei
, alidelpisheh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4287 Views)
Introduction: Job stress is one of the main characteristics of modern life which is increasing and has been recognized as an important risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. The present study was conducted to determine the association between job stress at work environment and cardiovascular diseases. Materials and methods: A number of 300 persons including 150 cases and 150 controls were considered in the present study. The participants were diagnosed as patient or healthy persons, based on the cardiologist visits. Then, ERI and demographic questionnaires were completed by interview with subjects. After data collection, the data was interpreted, scored and analyzed using SPSS-16 (chi-square and independent sample T tests). Results: Mean age of subjects was 54.2±11.3 years. There was a significant difference between case and control groups in term of extrinsic effort and esteem reward (p=0.05). No significant difference was also observed between case and control groups in term of effort and reward imbalance (p=0.059). Mean fasting blood sugar and triglycerides in patients with effort-reward imbalance was higher than in patients with effort-reward balance (p=0.05). Conclusion: Cardiovascular disease has a close association with risk factors including job stress. Health education and screening of risk factors of cardiovascular diseases are recommended to early diagnosis of such diseases.
Keywords: Job stress, cardiovascular disease, case-control study
Full-Text [PDF 454 kb]   (1149 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Epidemiology
Received: 2015/02/25 | Accepted: 2015/02/25 | Published: 2015/02/27

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Volume 1, Issue 4 (12-2014) Back to browse issues page