[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
About Journal::
Editorial Board::
Articles Archive::
Indexing Databases::
To Authors::
To Reviewers::
Submit Your Article::
Policies and Publication Ethics::
Archiving Policy::
Site Facilities::
Contact Us::
Google Scholar Metrics

Citation Indices from GS

AllSince 2019
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
Registered in



:: Volume 3, Issue 3 (6-2016) ::
2016, 3(3): 7-14 Back to browse issues page
Assessment and modeling of chlorine release in urban region: A case study in water supply of Eyvan city, Iran
Seyyed Hossein Hosseini
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran , hosseini49@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (5095 Views)

Introduction: Today, with development of various industries, the adverse events originated from explosion and emission of toxic and chemical substances have increased. These events may cause serious environmental problems that threaten human health and safety. Therefore, knowledge about the risk of toxic substances from industrial facilities is essential. Although, chlorine is extensively utilized in water treatment as a disinfectant and some chemical processes as an oxidizing agent, it can lead to some concerns in environmental issues.

Materials and methods: In this study, distribution of chlorine in the water supply of Eyvan city from Ilam province, Iran, and its surrounding areas is evaluated and high-risk regions are defined by Process Hazard Analysis Software Tool (PHAST) specialized software.

Results: The modeling results showed that the cloud of chlorine is about 1220 m across just downwind of the release for the first scenario (rupture of a chlorine vessel) in the summer; however, the probability of fatality is 100 % in a whole year in a distance of 40 m from the vessel. For the second scenario (rupture of pipeline including the chlorine gas) the human death mostly occurs in a distance of 25 m from the pipeline with the probability of 2.8 % in the summer due to low rate of released gas.

Conclusion: As an important result, the land around the chlorination unit covering a distance of approximately 1220 m is vulnerable and risk prevention in that region should be accounted for.

Keywords: Consequence assessment, Chlorine release, Modeling, PHAST
Full-Text [PDF 1433 kb]   (2849 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Environmental health engineering
Received: 2015/07/12 | Accepted: 2015/08/26 | Published: 2016/02/9
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hosseini S H. Assessment and modeling of chlorine release in urban region: A case study in water supply of Eyvan city, Iran. Journal of Basic Research in Medical Sciences 2016; 3 (3) :7-14
URL: http://jbrms.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-165-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 3, Issue 3 (6-2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی تحقیقات پایه در علوم پزشکی Journal of Basic Research in Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.15 seconds with 41 queries by YEKTAWEB 4654