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:: Volume 6, Issue 4 (9-2019) ::
JBRMS 2019, 6(4): 45-51 Back to browse issues page
A comparison of the effect of eight weeks of high intensity interval training on PGC-1α gene expression levels in the slow twitch (ST) and fast twitch (FT) muscles of rats with myocardial infarction
Mehran Ghahramani , Sara Karbalaeifar
Department of Exercise Physiology, Gilan-E-Gharb Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gilan-E-Gharb, Iran , mehran.physiology@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1448 Views)
Introduction: One of the side effects of myocardial infarction(MI) is a change in slow contraction muscle phenotype to fast contraction due to decreased mitochondrial density. Mitochondrial biogenesis with its ability to create new mitochondria and increase mitochondrial density can minimize these complications. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of high intensity interval training on peroxisome-proliferator activated receptor γ coactivator (PGC-1α) gene expression levels in fast twitch (FT) and slow twitch muscle (ST)  muscles in rats with myocardial infarction.
Materials and methods: For this purpose, 12 Wistar male rats with MI were divided into two experimental groups (30 minutes on a treadmill on a regular basis and 4 minutes running with a severity of 85-90% VO2 max and two minutes of active recovery with 50% -60% VO2max three days a week for eight weeks) and control (without exercise). The expression of PGC-1α genes was studied as an effective factor in mitochondrial biogenesis. Statistical data were analyzed with independent T-test in SPSS18.
Results: The results showed that the expression of PGC-1α genes increased significantly in ST (P=0.012) and FT (P=0.001) muscles in rats with MI. Also, this increasing in the ST muscles was significantly higher than those in the FT muscles (P=0.000).
Conclusion:  Generally, eight weeks of high intensity interval training increase mitochondrial biogenesis in ST and FT muscles of MI rats through effect on the PGC-1α gene expression.
Keywords: Myocardial infarction, Mitochondrial biogenesis, Interval training
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Physiology
Received: 2019/09/1 | Accepted: 2019/12/5 | Published: 2020/03/8
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Ghahramani M, Karbalaeifar S. A comparison of the effect of eight weeks of high intensity interval training on PGC-1α gene expression levels in the slow twitch (ST) and fast twitch (FT) muscles of rats with myocardial infarction. JBRMS. 2019; 6 (4) :45-51
URL: http://jbrms.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-445-en.html


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Volume 6, Issue 4 (9-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی تحقیقات پایه در علوم پزشکی Journal of Basic Research in Medical Sciences
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