[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
About Journal::
Editorial Board::
Articles Archive::
Indexing Databases::
To Authors::
To Reviewers::
Submit Your Article::
Policies and Publication Ethics::
Archiving Policy::
Site Facilities::
Contact Us::
Google Scholar Metrics

Citation Indices from GS

AllSince 2019
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
Registered in



:: Volume 11, Issue 2 (4-2024) ::
2024, 11(2): 43-52 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Short-time Exercise with Music on Performance and Post-exercise Cardiac Recovery: A Comparison between Type 2 Diabetics and Young Adults
Maryam Bagheri , Sajjad Salari
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran , sajjad.salari@medilam.ac.ir
Abstract:   (295 Views)
Introduction: High-tempo music is commonly used during exercise to enhance physical activity. Post-exercise parasympathetic reactivation, responsible for cardiac recovery, is crucial for predicting cardiac arrhythmia and overall heart health. Previous studies have demonstrated positive effects of music on exercise performance in healthy individuals. However, little is known about its impact on diabetic (Type II) females and young adults. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effect of listening to high-tempo music during exercise on workout performance and parasympathetic reactivation in these populations.
Material & Methods: We evaluated a total of 70 females, including healthy individuals (n=36) and diabetic (Type II) females (n=34). Prior to the experiment, lipid profile and cardiac risk ratio were measured in blood samples taken one week before the active sessions. Each participant underwent two separate active sessions: one session involved running without music, and the other involved running while listening to music for a duration of 6 minutes. Heart rate was measured before running and at zero, five, and ten minutes after exercise. Running distance was also recorded.
Results: In healthy adults, running distance significantly increased when listening to music during exercise compared to the non-music session (P<0.0001). Additionally, heart rate was significantly higher at time zero during running with music compared to the non-music session (P<0.0001). However, heart rate recovery was superior 10 minutes after exercise in the music group compared to the non-music group in diabetic females (P<0.0001).
Conclusion:  Listening to high-tempo music during exercise may increase sympathetic activity and enhance exercise performance, particularly in healthy young adults. Interestingly, listening to music during exercise may accelerate parasympathetic reactivation to a greater extent in diabetic females, potentially reducing the risk of arrhythmias during the resting period without enhancing exercise performance
Keywords: Music, Parasympathetic Nervous System, heart rate, diabetes mellitus, type 2
Full-Text [PDF 644 kb]   (47 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Physiology
Received: 2024/01/31 | Accepted: 2024/04/8 | Published: 2024/04/22
1. Imai K, Sato H, Hori M, Kusuoka H, Ozaki H, Yokoyama H, et al. Vagally mediated heart rate recovery after exercise is accelerated in athletes but blunted in patients with chronic heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994;24(6):1529-35.
2. Savin WM, Davidson DM, Haskell WL. Autonomic contribution to heart rate recovery from exercise in humans. J. Appl. Physiol.. 1982;53(6):1572-5.
3. Pecanha T, Silva-Junior ND, Forjaz CL. Heart rate recovery: autonomic determinants, methods of assessment and association with mortality and cardiovascular diseases. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2014;34(5):327-39. doi:10.1111/cpf.12102.
4. Billman GE. Aerobic exercise conditioning: a nonpharmacological antiarrhythmic intervention. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2002;92(2):446-54. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00874.2001.
5. Chacko KM, Bauer TA, Dale RA, Dixon JA, Schrier RW, Estacio RO. Heart rate recovery predicts mortality and cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008;40(2):288-95. doi:10.1249/mss.0b013e31815c4844.
6. Edworthy J, Waring H. The effects of music tempo and loudness level on treadmill exercise. Ergonomics. 2006;49(15):1597-610.
7. Arazi H, Asadi A, Purabed M. Physiological and Psychophysical Responses to Listening to Music during Warm-Up and Circuit-Type Resistance Exercise in Strength Trained Men. J Sports Med (Hindawi Publ Corp). 2015;2015:389831. doi:10.1155/2015/389831.
8. Schwartz SE, Fernhall B, Plowman SA. Effects of music on exercise performance. J. Cardiopulm. Rehabil.. 1990;10(9):312-6.
9. Birnbaum L, Boone T, Huschle B. CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSES TO MUSIC TEMPO DURING STEADY-STATE EXERCISE. J. Exerc. Physiol. Online. 2009;12(1).
10. Karageorghis CI, Priest D-L. Music in the exercise domain: a review and synthesis (Part I). Int Rev Sport Exer P. 2012;5(1):44-66.
11. Bigliassi M, Silva VB, Karageorghis CI, Bird JM, Santos PC, Altimari LR. Brain mechanisms that underlie the effects of motivational audiovisual stimuli on psychophysiological responses during exercise. Physiol Behav. 2016;158:128-36.
12. Atkinson G, Wilson D, Eubank M. Effects of music on work-rate distribution during a cycling time trial. Int J Sports Med. 2004:611-5.
13. Maddigan ME, Sullivan KM, Halperin I, Basset FA, Behm DG. High tempo music prolongs high intensity exercise. PeerJ. 2019;6:e6164.
14. Terry PC, Karageorghis CI, Curran ML, Martin OV, Parsons-Smith RL. Effects of music in exercise and sport: A meta-analytic review. Psychol Bull. 2020;146(2):91-117. doi:10.1037/bul0000216.
15. Thakare AE, Mehrotra R, Singh A. Effect of music tempo on exercise performance and heart rate among young adults. Int J Physiol Pathophysiol Pharmacol. 2017;9(2):35-9.
16. Eseadi C, Amedu AN. Potential impact of music interventions in managing diabetic conditions. World J Clin Cases. 2023;11(13):2916.
17. Hutchinson JC, Karageorghis CI, Black JD. The diabeates project: Perceptual, affective and psychophysiological effects of music and music-video in a clinical exercise setting. Can J Diabetes. 2017;41(1):90-6.
18. Beune E, Muilwijk M, Jelsma JGM, van Valkengoed I, Teitsma-Jansen AM, Kumar B, et al. The acceptability and effect of a culturally-tailored dance intervention to promote physical activity in women of South Asian origin at risk of diabetes in the Netherlands-A mixed-methods feasibility study. PLoS One. 2022;17(2):e0264191. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0264191.
19. Ballmann CG. The Influence of Music Preference on Exercise Responses and Performance: A Review. J Funct Morphol Kinesiol. 2021;6(2). doi:10.3390/jfmk6020033.
20. Archana R, Mukilan R. Beneficial Effect of Preferential Music on Exercise Induced Changes in Heart Rate Variability. J Clin Diagn Res. 2016;10(5):CC09-11. doi:10.7860/JCDR/2016/18320.7740.
21. Lee AL, Dolmage TE, Rhim M, Goldstein RS, Brooks D. The Impact of Listening to Music During a High-Intensity Exercise Endurance Test in People With COPD. Chest. 2017. doi:10.1016/j.chest.2017.12.001.
22. Rane PR, Gadkari JV. The effect of slow and fast musical tempo on post-exercise recovery on recovery period in young adults. Natl. J. Physiol. Pharm. Pharmacol. 2017;7(1):22.
23. Wu J, Zhang L, Yang H, Lu C, Jiang L, Chen Y. The Effect of Music Tempo on Fatigue Perception at Different Exercise Intensities. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022;19(7). doi:10.3390/ijerph19073869.
24. Ji L, Bai J-J, Sun J, Ming Y, Chen L-R. Effect of combining music media therapy with lower extremity exercise on elderly patients with diabetes mellitus. Int. J. Nurs. Sci.. 2015;2(3):243-7.
25. Sastra L, Reni I. The effect of Indonesian traditional music on stress in type II diabetes mellitus patients. KnE Life Sciences. 2022:706–17-–17.
26. Gerra G, Zaimovic A, Franchini D, Palladino M, Giucastro G, Reali N, et al. Neuroendocrine responses of healthy volunteers to 'techno-music': relationships with personality traits and emotional state. Int J Psychophysiol. 1998;28(1):99-111.
27. Nasirinezhad F, Hosseini M, Salari S. Anti-allodynic Efficacy of NMDA Antagonist Peptide and Noradrenaline Alone and in Combination in Rodent Neuropathic Pain Model. Korean J Pain. 2015;28(2):96-104. doi:10.3344/kjp.2015.28.2.96.
28. Fritz TH, Bowling DL, Contier O, Grant J, Schneider L, Lederer A, et al. Musical Agency during Physical Exercise Decreases Pain. Front Psychol. 2017;8:2312. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02312.
29. Rao TI, Nagendra HR. The effect of active and silent music interventions on patients with type 2 diabetes measured with electron photonic imaging technique. Int J Humanit Soc Sci. 2014;3:7-14.
30. Bradt J, Dileo C, Myers-Coffman K, Biondo J. Music interventions for improving psychological and physical outcomes in people with cancer. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021;10(10):CD006911. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006911.pub4.
31. Kaikkonen P, Hynynen E, Mann T, Rusko H, Nummela A. Can HRV be used to evaluate training load in constant load exercises? Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010;108(3):435-42. doi:10.1007/s00421-009-1240-1.
32. Michael S, Jay O, Halaki M, Graham K, Davis GM. Submaximal exercise intensity modulates acute post-exercise heart rate variability. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2016;116(4):697-706. doi:10.1007/s00421-016-3327-9.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bagheri M, Salari S. Effect of Short-time Exercise with Music on Performance and Post-exercise Cardiac Recovery: A Comparison between Type 2 Diabetics and Young Adults. Journal of Basic Research in Medical Sciences 2024; 11 (2) :43-52
URL: http://jbrms.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-814-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 11, Issue 2 (4-2024) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی تحقیقات پایه در علوم پزشکی Journal of Basic Research in Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.15 seconds with 41 queries by YEKTAWEB 4654